What on Earth were the Ancients Doing
THE TERM ‘LEY-LINE’, was invented by Alfred Watkins, in 1921 while looking for interesting features in a regional map and noticed that many ancient and sacred sites could be placed on a straight line running through the countryside.
After more research he discovered that these mysterious lines could be identified, not just by marker points, but that some were physically visible from the ground.
The lines were anywhere from two to several miles long and their reference points were objects like ancient churches, standing stones, stone circles and prehistoric burial sites.
He believed that many of the ancient, pagan holy sites were later commandeered and Christianised, leaving a mixture of both prehistorical and relatively recent points of interest along the lines.
In the 1950s new ideas about leys burst into the public’s consciousness. Various UFO books from France and America linked the flying saucer phenomenon with lines of cosmic force.
In 1961, Tony Wedd, a British ley hunter and ex-pilot, published his theory that leys were magnetic flight paths for alien visitors, and any sites of interest found along them acted as landmarks. From Wedd’s work, the modern movement in ley research truly began when in 1969 another enthusiast, John Michell, wrote The View Over Atlantis, a book that combined ley lines, earth energy, UFOs and ancient mathematics.
The 1960s and 70s saw all manner of New Age theories, and leys began to be automatically associated with lines of energy, flying saucers and strange psychic experiences. and pathways.
The Earth's energy field has an invisible electromagnetic grid system composed of energy pathways or leylines. The Irish called them "fairy paths", the Europeans "line songs" and the Chinese "dragon currents".The Grid Map displays Earth's energy system as a geometrical patterned shape, similar to a crystalline structure, where the pathways intersect. These intersections create strong points of energy - each one is known as an energy vortex or a "meeting ground for invisible energy". These centres swirl with powerful light which is perfect for spiritual awakenings and healings. More recently I discovered that my home province, Alberta, Canada has its own powerful lei lines. According to a "vortices listing" from the Becker-Hagen Planetary Grid Map, Central Alberta is a MAJOR energy zone.
They are also referred to as Power Spots or Sacred Sites and in well known areas, such as Sedona or Stonehenge for example, monuments or temples are built on these sites. Alberta Horses in the Vortex Raven inside the Sedona Veil.
These intersections of energy are typically found where there are changes in normal gravity. And so they are influenced by ALL of Earth's energies: electromagnetism, water, underground activity, the moon, solar flares and so on. Sometimes these vortices create an environment where the laws of nature are defied - plant life may seem contorted, light looks different, animals behave strangely and people experience unusual visions and insights.
It is believed that the veil between the worlds is thin at these high energy power spots, that they are considered to be energetic gateways or portals to multidimensional realities; physical and non-physical worlds can interconnect and merge as one. It turns out that Central Alberta is ranked as one of the "TOP 50" Earth Energy Centres of the World.
Similar features are found in Mexico, and it has been suggested the Nazca lines may be a variation on the same theme. Even though the real significance of leys is still unknown, we should take a closer look at The Nazca lines in South America. They stretch across the Nazca plains in Peru and consist of all sorts of shapes and pictographs. Since you can only see these from the sky, many believe these lines were carved by ancient astronauts.
The purpose of their creation is still an enigmatic mystery.
The Nazca civilization is the creator of the celestial calendar and it is believed that the Nazca lines were created between BC 200 and AD 600. Some suggest that they may have been used in rituals pertaining to astronomy.
The region of the desert at Peru where the Nazca lines have been drawn is known as Pampa Colorada or Red Plain. It is nearly 15 miles in width, running for 37 miles parallel to the Pacific Ocean and Andes mountains.
The desert has sparse sands and is comprised of red surface stones dark in color. The soil has subsoil beneath it, which is lighter colored. The Nazca lines were created by clearing the dark upper layer, revealing the subsoil, which is lighter in color.
Egypt, United States, Malta, Bolivia, Chile are other countries that have these huge geoglyphs.
In the city of Tiwanaku (Tiahuanaco) in the Bolivian highlands, we do not find geoglyphs (ground drawings) but direct depictions of what looks like an alien being.
It does not take a lot of imagination to envision a four-fingered creature (the face is clearly non-human) wearing an astronaut's helmet with transparent visor. One engraving has twenty fish-head symbols maybe suggesting that this creature was an aquatic or that fish were of great importance.
Lake Titicaca is only some twenty kilometers away. Fortunately, not all the depictions of the alleged alien display fish head symbols. In some, the fish heads are gone and replaced with condor heads (symbolic of flight).
To local people, this creature was not only a fish, it was a flying fish, and became known as a sky god of the Andes.
Depictions of the Andean sky god are found not only in Tiwanaku, Bolivia, but also in Nazca, Peru, where he turns up not in the geoglyphs but on their pottery dating from the same epoch. The city of Tiwanaku is much older than the Nazca Lines but archaeologists have noted stages of development. The timing of Tiwanaku's sky-god phase seems to correspond with the timing of the Nazca Lines, and the Nazca depiction is close enough to the Tiwanaku depiction that one might conclude that these sky gods are one and the same.
The Nazca drawing displays a small cross-like instrument (also found in Tiwanaku drawings) on the alien's chest and a loudspeaker-like instrument, perhaps suggesting that the aquatic sky god was able to learn or converting his language to the Andean languages and communicate with them.
But there is one critical difference between the Tiwanaku drawings and the Nazca drawing. In the Nazca drawing, the alien is depicted with human-like feet, though the fish heads just above the feet and looking down suggest that these are not really human feet but fish feet. Nonetheless, no Tiwanaku depiction of their sky god shows the alien with feet that even remotely resemble human feet (feet are seen only in depictions of animal and human symbolization of the alien's qualities, never on the sky god himself) and in fact their direct drawings of the alien display no feet at all.
The artists of Tiwanaku made drawings displaying the alien's tri-pod tail intact. These drawings resemble the Candelabro geoglyph found on a cliff facing the sea in Paracas, Peru.
One of the Nazca geoglyphs displays a human head attached to the head of the fish. But this is just an ordinary fish and looks nothing like the alien.
Archaeological evidence from the Andes seems to overwhelming support the theory of contact with an alien. There are dozens of surviving images of the alien from Tiwanaku alone. In great detail, these drawings depict the alien's fish-like face and mouth, its reptile-like eyes, its astronaut helmet depicting what looks like a sunlight reflectors around the visor and air bubbles inside the visor, its four-fingered hands, its tri-pod tail, its front-mounted voice transmitter, not to mention those hand-held instruments that suddenly contracted and split open upon liftoff up into the sky.
Whatever the meaning or reason of these intriguing lines and pictures, one must ask why they can only be appreciated from the sky. What was their purpose and for whom were they designed?
A map showing the supposed extent of the Atlantean Empire. From Ignatius L. Donnelly's Atlantis: the Antediluvian World, 1882.
Location hypotheses of Atlantis are various proposed real-world settings for the fictional island of Atlantis, described as a lost civilization mentioned in Plato's dialogues Timaeus and Critias, written about 360 B.C. In these dialogues, a character named Critias claims that an island called Atlantis was swallowed by the sea about 9,200 years previously. According to the dialogues, this story was passed down to him through his grandfather, also named Critias, who heard it from his own father, Dropides, who had received it from Solon, the famous Athenian lawmaker, who heard the story from an Egyptian sanctuary. Plato's dialogues locate the island in the Atlantic Pelagos "Atlantic Sea",[ "in front of" the Pillars of Hercules (Στήλες του Ηρακλή) and facing a district called modern Gades or Gadira (Gadiron), a location that some modern Atlantis researchers associate with modern Gibraltar; however various locations have been proposed.
I have heard it said that Atlantis is a myth, but that is what they said of Troy, until they found it, so who knows. many people are convinced that there really was a peaceful utopia that sunk beneath the sea in time immemorial, and they've tried to pinpoint it in spots all over the world. Even Google Earth once fed the legend with a data glitch that created a grid like pattern on the ocean floor. Keen-eyed observers speculated that it might be the lost streets of Atlantis
Researchers create this data by using sonar, or sound waves, that bounce off the seafloor and return information about its shape, not unlike how a bat uses sonar to "see" bugs. When Google uses lots of these surveys together, they sometimes overlap, creating strange grid like patterns.
That's what happened in 2009, shortly after the launch of the extension. Eagle-eyed Google Ocean explorers spotted a large grid on the seafloor that looked strikingly like the streets of a well-organized small town. Immediately, "Atlantis" rumors started flying.
In fact, the grid was merely caused by overlapping datasets, according to NOAA. Besides that, the grid that looked like a little town actually covered an area of ocean more than 100 miles (161 kilometers) wide — not exactly small-town proportions. There are so many theories as to its location, I won’t cover them.
The Bermuda Triangle is perhaps the most famous mysterious place in the world. This area of about 500,000 square miles sits in the Atlantic Ocean between Bermuda, Puerto Rico and Miami, Florida. More than 20 planes and 50 ships are said to have mysteriously vanished into thin air or crashed without explanation. Though vessels manage to pass through the area with ease every day and there are no more disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle than in any other large, well-traveled area of the ocean, the unexplained accidents have still captured the public imagination. Most of the "mysterious disappearances" cited by believers weren't mysterious at all, but occurred during storms or didn't even sink within the triangle's borders.
Tales of lost mariners and disappeared ships, crashed aircraft and even vanishing humans, have been emerging from the waters of the Bermuda Triangle for centuries.
The vast area of more than half a million square miles is also known as the Devil’s Triangle, and theories as to why so many travelers fall foul of its clutches abound.
Some say there are magnetic anomalies that throw compasses off course, others that tropical cyclones are to blame, and some say there’s simply no mystery at all!
Richat Structure, Mauritania
Seemingly swirling and spinning and twisting like a cyclone through the heart of the mighty Sahara Desert, the great Richat Structure in the depths of Mauritania is something truly mysterious (although you’ll have to take to the skies to see it). Scientists have puzzled for years as to how the perfect circular set of concentric rings got there.
Some think it was an asteroid impact in centuries gone by.
Others say it was the simple process of natural geological attrition and erosion.
And of course, there are some who think it was the creation of extra-terrestrials, who passed this way and marked a landing point for future visits to earth.
Some even argue that the Richat structure, or the Eye of the Sahara, fits Plato’s description of Atlantis so well, it essentially amounts to proof.
Also known as the mythical-sounding Eye of the Sahara, the Richat Structure is a 30-mile-wide circular feature that from space looks like a bull’s-eye in the middle of the desert. Richat is now believed to have been created by erosion of a dome, revealing its concentric rings of rock layers. Its distinctive shape can be seen by astronauts aboard the International Space Station. We have been wrong so many times in the past, I’ll just wait on this one.
Easter Island, Polynesia
It was just at the turn of the first millennium AD that the Rapa Nui peoples of eastern Polynesia landed and began surveying the wind-blasted shores of Easter Island.
Of course, it wasn’t called Easter Island then, later named by a Dutchman Jacob Roggeveen, who happened upon the land in 1722.
There are about 1,000 of the so-called moai heads here, which are each thought to represent the final member of one of the tribal family clans. These carved effigies of colossal heads were chiselled and chipped from the black rock boulders of the land. The giant carvings on Easter Island are up to 40 feet tall. In Fact, many have their torsos buried, leaving only human-like faces above ground. It remains a mystery how they were moved into place, but one leading theory is that they were walked from quarries on stone platforms. They are just one more illustration of gigantic structures being moved somehow in ancient times.
Moeraki Boulders (Koekohe Beach, New Zealand)
The Moeraki Boulders are unusually large and spherical boulders lying along a stretch of Koekohe Beach on the wave-cut Otago coast off New Zealand between Moeraki and Hampden. They occur scattered either as isolated or clusters of boulders within a stretch of beach where they have been protected in a scientific reserve. The erosion by wave action of mudstone, comprising local bedrock and landslides, frequently exposes embedded isolated boulders. These boulders are grey-colored septarian concretions, which have been exhumed from the mudstone enclosing them and concentrated on the beach by coastal erosion.
The most striking aspect of the boulders is their unusually large size and spherical shape, with a distinct bimodal size distribution. Approximately one-third of the boulders range in size from about 0.5 to 1.0 metre (1.6 to 3.3 ft) in diameter, the other two-thirds from 1.5 to 2.2 metres (4.9 to 7.2 ft). Most are spherical or almost spherical, but a small proportion are slightly elongated parallel to the bedding plane of the mudstone that once enclosed them.
Neither the spherical to subspherical shape or large size of the Moeraki Boulders is unique to them. Virtually identical spherical boulders, called Koutu Boulders, are found on the beaches, in the cliffs, and beneath the surface inland of the shore of Hokianga Harbour, North Island, New Zealand, between Koutu and Kauwhare points. Like the Moeraki Boulders, the Koutu Boulders are large, reaching 3 metres (10 ft) in diameter, and almost spherical. Similar boulder-size concretions, known as Katiki Boulders, are also found on the north-facing shore of Shag Point some 19 kilometres (12 mi) south of where the Moeraki Boulders are found. These concretions occur as both spherical cannonball concretions and flat, disk-shaped or oval concretions. Unlike the Moeraki boulders, some of these concretions contain the bones of mosasaurs and plesiosaurs.
Similar large spherical concretions have been found in many other countries.
Stone Spheres (Palmar Sur, Costa Rica)
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Also called the Stone Spheres of the Diquís or simply “Las Balos,” the Stone Spheres of Costa Rica remain one of the biggest mysteries in archaeology. The more than 300 spheres, which are almost perfectly round, were unearthed by workers clearing a field in the 1930s. They range in size and weigh up to 16 tons. They are amazing man-made creations, but no one really knows how or why they were made by an ancient indigenous culture.
Plain of Jars (Laos)
THE PLAIN OF JARS IS a collection of more than 2,000 large ancient stone jars interspersed throughout the Xieng Khouang plain in the Lao Highlands. The stone structures are mostly made of sedimentary rock and, ranging from 3 to 10 feet in height (1 to 3 meters), each can weigh up to 14 tons.
To date, the origin of the jars is unknown, though archaeologists believe that they were originally used between 1,500 and 2,000 years ago. Many researchers have theorized that the jars may have once served as funerals urns or food storage. As local Laotian legend would have it, the jars were created by Khun Cheung, an ancient king of giants who lived in the highlands. It is said that Cheung, after fighting a long and victorious battle, created the jars in order to brew huge amounts of celebratory lao lao rice wine.
The Plain of Jars received relatively little Western attention until the 1930s, when French archaeologist Madeleine Colani began surveying the area. Though previous reports of the jars had cited the existence of goods such as carnelian beads, jewelry, and axes, the site was mostly looted by the time Colani arrived. Despite this, Colani discovered a nearby cave housing human remains, such as burned bones and ash, leading her to believe that the jars were funeral urns for chieftains. Colani excavated the artifacts, some of which dated to between 500 BC and 800 AD and published her findings in The Megaliths of Upper Laos.
Though the Xieng Khouang plain remains the central site of the jars, similar clusters can be connected to form a linear path all the way to northern India. The existence of similar jar clusters in other parts of Asia also led to the belief that the jars were part of a large trade route. Some researchers believe that the jars collected monsoon rainwater for caravan travelers to use during dry season. The theory goes that travelers would use the water and then leave behind prayer beads or offerings in the jars, thus explaining previous sightings of jewelry and assorted goods.
Unfortunately, this area remains one of the most dangerous archaeological sites in the world as thousands of unexploded bombs remain from the Secret War of the 1960s, and some of these arms still cause injuries to this day.
Ancient Spots in Alberta
A retired University of Alberta professor, Gordon Freeman is challenging conventional wisdom on Canada's prehistory by claiming an archeological site in southern Alberta is really a vast, open-air sun temple with a precise 5,000-year-old calendar predating England's Stonehenge and Egypt's pyramids.
Mainstream archeologists consider the rock-encircled cairn to be just another medicine wheel left behind by early aboriginals. But he says it is in fact the centre of a 26-square-kilometre stone ``lacework" that marks the changing seasons and the phases of the moon with greater accuracy than our current calendar.
He has come to call the site Canada's Stonehenge. It is a central cairn atop one of a series of low hills overlooking the Bow River, about 70 kilometres east of Calgary, which was partially excavated in 1971 and dated at about 5,000 years old.
The central cairn is surrounded by 28 radiating stone lines, four of which align with the cardinal points of the compass. Those lines are encircled by another ring of stones.
A few metres away lies a stone semicircle, with a large stone between it and the central cairn. The left edge of the semicircle lines up with both the central stone and the right edge of the cairn, and vice versa.
To Freeman, those features represent the sun, the crescent moon and the morning star.
As well, there are secondary cairns on nearby hills and rock assemblages that seem to correspond to constellations.
Freeman suggests that the rocks once thought to be simply strewn across the prairie by glaciers, instead mark the progression of the year with uncanny accuracy.
The rising and setting sun on both the longest and shortest days of the year lines up precisely with V-shaped sights in the temple's rocks. The spring and autumn equinoxes, when day and night are equal, are similarly marked. They are not the equinoxes of the Gregorian calendar currently used, however, but the true astronomical equinoxes.
Freeman is convinced the temple contains a lunar calendar as well, because the 28 rays radiating from the central cairn correspond to the length of the lunar cycle.
Typical of how new theories are generally met with derision, mainstream archeology hasn't been exactly welcoming. Despite being highly regarded in his own field, Freeman says journals have rejected his papers and conferences have denied him a platform. Sound familiar, think about all the past theories refuted by then scholars, everything from the Earth is flat, the sun orbits the Earth to Einstein’s theory of relativity, to string theory and so on.
LOCATED IN SOUTHEASTERN ALBERTA, CANADA, near Medicine Hat, this great geological wonder can only be seen from high above the ground.
Nevertheless, its humanoid details are stunning when one considers that human hands took no part in shaping this large mass of rock. The profile was formed by the erosion of rainwater on layers of clay-rich soil.
Viewed from the air, the feature bears a strong resemblance to a human head wearing a full First Nations headdress. In a humorous (or tragic) turn, the additional man-made structures make it appear to be wearing earbuds, like an enormous iPod commercial.
The headphone’s wires are formed by a dirt road, and the earpiece is formed by an oil well where the road ends. The Badlands Guardian is only one of many geological and landscape oddities that have recently been discovered using Google Earth images.